• After winning independence, America's "Founding Fathers" faced a critical period in which they had to create a stable, just and effective government if the United States was going to survive.


    Focus Question:  How did the Founding Fathers create a national government that was strong enough to rule effectively while preventing tyranny? (Chapter 5 pages 115-125)
     
    Key Content
    • Shay's Rebellion
    • The Philadelphia  (Constitutional) Convention 1787
    • Separation of Powers
    • Federalism
    • The New Jersey and Virginia Plans
    • The Great Compromise: Creating a Bi- Cameral Legislature
    • The 3/5 Compromise
    • The Ratification Debate: Federalists v the Anti Federalists  (Which side would you have been on? Why?)
    • The Preamble: Golas of the the US Constitution
    • Article One: Powers and Structure of the Legislative Branch                                  Checks
    • Article Two: Powers and Structure of the Executive Branch                                       and
    • Article Three: Powers and Structure of the Judicial Branch                                   Balances
    • Article Four: Federalism- the division of powers is explained
    • Article Five: Amending (changing) the US Constitution
    • Article Six: National Supremacy
    • Article Seven: Ratification (9 of 13 States needed to approve new form of government)
    • Constitutional Flexibility- Interpreting the United States Constitution as "A Living Document"
    • The Bill of Rights: Then and Now! (what the Constitution says and how the Supreme Court has interpreted them)
    • Supreme Court Cases Involving the Bill of Rights include- Schenck v. US, Tinker v. DesMoines, New York Times v. US, Engle v. Vitale, McDonald v. Chicago,  Mapp v. Ohio, New Jersey v. TLO, Vernonia School District v. Acton,  Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, Hamdan v. Rumsfeld
     
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Last Modified on August 13, 2019